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CARDIOLOGY / CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY

CARDIOLOGY

The Cardiology Unit of the Samraksha Hospitals  hope for patients suffering from the various conditions of the heart. With a senior team of consultants comprised of stalwarts with years of experience, this unit addresses all heart ailments which can be tackled without surgery. Angiographies and Angioplasties are done on a regular basis amongst many other life-saving procedures and help to diagnose and resolve these potentially dangerous and hiding ailments.

To support our skilled physicians we have a reliable infrastructure comprising of 3 digital cath labs and advanced facilities like FFR/IVUS and OCT.

Together with the Cardiothoracic Surgery team, the Cardiology unit of the Samraksha Hospitals aims to identify and reduce the menace of cardiac illness in population.

CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY

As the name suggests, this surgery is related to the diseases associated with the heart and in some cases, lungs as well.

Sometimes, the surgery may require transplantation of the heart or the lungs. One needs to understand the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory anatomy and physiology and cardiac and thoracic pathology of the patient before performing the surgery. One of the most common surgeries includes a coronary artery bypass grafting if it is related to the heart and in the case of lungs, lobectomy or pneumonectomy for the carcinoma of the lung is performed.

In the coronary artery bypass grafting, a blood vessel from the patient’s body is used to bypass a blockage in one of the arteries supplying blood to the heart.

In lobectomy or pneumonectomy, the outer part of the lung called lobe is removed in cases of detection of a cancerous tumour. Cardiothoracic Surgery can be majorly divided into three types:

  1. Adult Cardiac Surgery: The bypass surgery is performed while the heartbeat continues. The surgeon does not stop the heartbeat during the surgery This enables to perform several grafts on parts including the posterior area of the heart simultaneously. Stay at the hospital can be minimised; duration of operation is also short and requires a minor blood transfusion.

2.Paediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery: A full range of cardiac surgeries for heart-related diseases in newborn to adolescents are included in the paediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Congenital heart diseases surgery, closed heart surgeries such as PDS Interruption and Coarctation Repair, open heart surgeries such as atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect closure, minimally invasive heart surgery, pacemakers, neonatal surgery for heart conditions are a few of them.

3.Thoracic Surgery: This involves surgeries on the chest (thorax), lungs, lymph nodes, oesophagus and diaphragm.

TREATMENT POST-CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY:
  • A Healthy diet has to be maintained for faster healing.
  • Driving is allowed 6-8 weeks post surgery.
  • Physical activity can be increased gradually, although walking is allowed daily
  • Lifting or pushing of heavy objects, climbing stairs regularly may not be approved initially by the doctor.